T O His Highnesse the Lord P R o T E c T o R o F T H E Com mon-wealth of E N G L A N D , S c oT L A N D, and I R E L A N D .
The Humble Addresses of Menass h Ben Ifrael, a Divine andDoctor o- .Physick, in behalfofthe Iewish Nation.
Give me leave, at such a juncture of time, to speak to your Highnesse , in a style and manner fitting to us Jewes and our condi- tion.
It is a thing most certaine, that the great God of Israel, Creator of Heaven and Earth, doth give and take away Do- mimons and Empire , according to his owne pleasure ; ex- alting some, and overthrowing others : who, seeing he hath the h atts ofKings in his hand, h easily moves them whithersoever him selfe pleaseth, to put in execution his Divine Commands.
This, my Lord, appeares most evi- dently out ofthose words of Daniel, where he, rendring thanks unto God, for revealing unto him that prodigious Dreame of Nebuchadnezar, doth say : Thou thai remo- vest Kingi, andsets up Kings.
And else-where, To the end the living might know, th.it the Highest hath domi- nion in Mani Kingdome, and giveih the same to whom he please. of the very same-minde are the Thalmudists like- wise , affirming that a good Gov rnment, or Governor, is a Heavenly Gift, and hat there is no Governor, but is first called by God unto that dignity : and this they prove from that passage of Exodus : Behold I have called Bazale'l by name, &c. all things being govet ned by Divine Providence, God di spensing rewards unto Ver-

good Will.
Thi th Example of gt at Mona chs make good ; e sp cially of su h, who hav afflict d th p opl of Israel : For none hath ever afflict d t h m , who ha th no b en by om om inou Exi t, most heavily punish- ed of God Almigh y ; a is mani st from the Historie of tho se King , Pharaoh , Nebuchadnezar , Antiochu , Epiphanius ,Pompey , and oth r .
A nd on he contra y,none v r was a Benefactor to tha people, and ch rish d hem in heir Cou ntries, who th upon hath no pr sently b - gun very m u h t o flourish.
In so much hat th O racle to Abraham (I will blesse ihem that blesse ihee, and curse them ihat curse ihee) se meth yet daily to have its a com plishment.
Hen I, one of the least among th Hebrews , since by e xp i nce I have f ound , that through God gteat bo inty toward us, many consid rable and eminent per son bot h for Piety and Pow r, a moved ith sincere and in wa -d pit y and compassion towards us,and do com- fort us conc rning the approaching delive ance o Israel, could not but fo my sel , and in the b half of my Coun- r y men,ma ke thi my humble add sse to your ighness, @and b seech you or Gods sake, hat ye would, acc ording to that Piety and Pow r wh r in you are emin n beyond o h s, vouch af e o grant, tha th Great and Glorious Name o the Loi-d our God may be x oll d, and sol mn, ly worshiped and praised by us through all h bounds of hi Common-wealth; and to grant u pla e in your Coun, t rey, tha we may have our Synagog ues, and re ex rcis ofour R ligion.
I nothing doub ing,bu that yourClemen- y will asily grant thi most equitabl Petition of ou s.
Pa, gans have of- old, out of r ve ence to h God of Israel ; &the est em they had o his people,granted most willingly free ltberty , ev n o apostated Jewes ; as Onias the High Pri st@, to build anothe Templ in thei - Coun r , like unio.that at Jerusalem : how mu h mor then may we, that a e not Apostate o runagate Iewes, hope from your

Highnesse @and you Christian Councill, sinc you hav so g r a knowledg of, and ador h -am @one onely God of Israel, tog ther with us.
Besid s, it inc ea our con fiden of you boun ty owa -ds us, in hat o soon a ver the ru- mou of that most wished- for liberty, tha ye were a th nk- ng o grant us, was made known un o our Count y- men; I, in h nam o my N ation, the I wes, that live in Hol@, land, did congra ula e and en ertain their Exeell n i , the Ambassador of -England ; who were received in our Synagogu with as great pomp and applau s , Hymns and he i uln sse of m inde, as eve any Sov aign Prince was.
For our people did n tl eir own mindes p e age, that the K ngly Govei n t nt bei ng now chang d into tha of a Common- wealt h, the an ent hati ed owa ds hem, would also b hanged int o good - will : tha tho igo ous Law (i - any her b ye xtant, m ade unde r h K ngs again - o innoc n a p , wo ld hap i y pealed.
S o th a hop now - r o o g ntl n s, oodne , n , rom h ginnin of y r G v r m nt o thi Com mon w al ,you ighn ha h pro d m u h re- spe , and avou to ar d u .
h r or humbly n a you - i hn , t a you would wit a gra iou y have i gard u o us, and our e iti n and g -an t tin to u ,as you have don un o o he s, ree ex, is o oui- l g on, ha we may h ve our ynagogu , and k p our o w n publi wo ship, as our - thr n d o in It l-y, ermai , I an and many o her places, and we shall pray ot- t he a p - n and Peace o this our much r now and p u an o mon- wealth . . .

. ..- - . - . o T H o m n-- e@a h o L N , A E L, e n .
- ving-some- eares- ce o ten perce ed that in th Nation, od h th a Poo e, t at er tender hearted,and we - wi- in to our so e a - i ed Nation ; ea, m- el e h - vin -some Ex erience thereo- ., in iver Emi er t ersons, ex e ng both in Piet an earning:I thought w t h mi el -, I- oulddo nos a -ser ice to m owne ation, al- @o to the People and Inha itants o th ommo -wealth, i b h mb e addre es to the . te o- nourable Par ment ght obtaine a s - - e- ondu once to tr n o t sel e thither. hich havi g done, and i - or- di g to y re, received a mo ki de an at - a o n- swer, I now am come- Andto the end a Men may now the triie M tives and Intent o th coming, I - a l b ie- o rehend an del ver them i the e a ticulars.
' i st and formo , m I tention t try , - s goo han over me, ma obtai e here or -y Nat on the - i- bert o a- r e andpubl ck y agogue, wherei we n a dail ca on the Lord our od, tbat once he a eplea to re- e ber h Mercies and Pr mis @es done to our ore ithe s, - --- .

- o vi-n- t e es, nd re or ng once a aine into our athers Inherttance ; a ndhe des to ue al o - or , h ing upon th ation, and People o- ngland, or receivin into their bo omes, andco orting ion in her di re e.
My se ond Motive , because the o- pin on o man hri ians an ine oe o oncurre herein , ihat we both - ieve that the re oring time o ou Nation i to their Nat v, ountre , ery er at hand; believing ore ar- ic arl- , th t th re auration can not be, be ore th e or s o- i l, hap .

ve @. be- r a com li ed, e h aith, nd wh n th dis er o h Holy peo le al e compleated n all lace , then all .
ll t e se things b on pleated : igni- ing therewith, that be o e a be l lled, thePeople o odmu be r- di er ed i to al place ou - tre-yes o the orld.
ow we know, how our - ation at the resent ead a ahout, a hath i s seat a ddwe i -g n the mo - ou,.

i- i g ai ts o a ihe Kingdomes . and o ntre s ofthe orld, we tn m rica, in ihe other three arts thereo- ; exc ept onel in th con erable an i ht - and. ndthere ore th re ains onel in m dgen eni, be ore the come andre oi-e ou ation thai - e mu have ourseat bere likewi- e M third Moti e @ugroundedon the ro t that Iconceiv th ommon wea th to reap, i it a vo b a e to receive ; @or thence, I hope, there wi oll@ow a re t e i g ro od upon them, and a er abunda t trading int , a id ro a parts o- tho or d, not onel with ut pre udice to the En- li- Nation, but- or the rpr t, both in Im orta ior , an - portation o goods et i an - ll doubt hereo trus eir harit- towards tbe eople od, wi - t e the , ecia hen the- - a lreade the ens@ui g reat e. he our h Motive o- ny co i h ther, , n y ncere - e ion to th ommon wealth, b- reas o o a -y o thy@, earne , and Pio men in this Nation, whose ov ng ind- e e and iet- ave e e ience o- : ho i g to de the like

a- e ion i all t e eople generally ; the ore, eca u- e al w es have, both -y wr t ng anddeeds, pro e ed much incli- n r to this ommon-wealt @, and that I ers ade mys l e th - wi l be n in u o tha om ando the ord our od, ho @o hi e mme s unto ll men tbe lov o st anger ; much ore to tho e t tpro- e @e theirgood a e ion to them. ,r hi l . e con dent o- , that a not come to make an d ur , ce, or to move an di utes a out atters o Rel g on ; b t n to live with m- Nation n the- ear o the - or under the- adow o our rotection, wht e e -- e with- eu the hope o rae to e r.e a e .


- - - S - .
ree things , ifit please your Highne e , th r are that make a sti-ange - ation wel-beloved a- mong the Natives ofaland where they dwell: (as the defect of those three things mak th m hatefull vi - Pr - t , they may receive f om them ; id lity rhey hold toward , their Prinees; and the - oblenes an d pui- ty of their blood, Now when I shall have made good , that all these three thnug ar fo und in the I e- ,ish - ation , I shall certainly per uade your High- ne e , that with a favorable eye , Monarchy being changed into Republic ) you all be pleased to receive agam the Na ion of th Iews , who in time past lived in that I and : but , I know not b vhat false Informations , were cruelly handled and anished- Pro t is a mo power ll motive , and hich allthe World pr - ferres before all othei things : and therefore we shall handle lia point fir .
It is a thing confirm d,that merehandizing i , as it were,the pro- per profe ion o the Nation of the Iews- I a tribute this in th fi - place , to the particular I rovidence and n ie -ey of God toward hi people : o havii bam ed them from their own Country, yet not rom his Protection , he hath i en them , as it were , a naturall in- stin , by which they might not onely gain what wa nece ry o - their need , but that they ould also thriv n Ri lies aiid po sions ; wl ereby they should not onely beeome gracious to th i - Prince and Lords , but that they should be invited by other @, t come and dw ll n theirLands- Moreover,it cannot be denyed,bu - that uecessity stirrs up a man abil ty and indust -y ; and that i give him gr a i citem nt , by l ans o t e th avou - o o d .


Besid s , seeing it s no wisedonne for thenn to ndeavour th gaining ofLands and other immovable goods , and so to impri, on their po ession here , where their persons are sub ct to so ma- y ca alities , banishments and peregrinations ; they are orced to se marchandizing untillthat time, when they shal ret rne to thei own Country , that then as God hath promised by the Prophet a- hary , Theirshai be- ound no more any marchant among ihem in the oi - e the L-ord- Fi-om that very thing we have s- id, there rise h an infallible Pro- t, eommodity and gain to all those Princes in whose ands they dw ell above all other strange Nations whatso ever , as experi nc@e by di ei-s ea-s@ons doth con rme- - The lews , have no oportunit to live in their own Country, to till the Land or otherlike employments,give themselves wholy unto merehandizing , and or contriving new nventions, no a- tion almost going beyond them- nd so 't is obs rved, i ha where- oever they go to dwell , there presently the Traficq begins to o- -ish1 - Whi h may e seen in divers place , especially in Ligorne , hieh having been but a very ignoble and ineon iderable City , is at this time , by the gr at concourse of people , one ofthe mo a- mous p aces ofTra que of v hole I aly- urtl- ermore , the Inventor oftl e famous Scala de pal tro (th most rme and soli d Trafieq ofVenice wa a Ie v, who by this hi Invention transported the Negotiation from a great part of the Le- ant into that City- Ev n that very sam i s ene likewi e at this day in Niz a and in other innun - rable plaee n -iore, botl in Europ and Asia - I I- The Nation ofthe Iews i d i pei @ed h oughout the ho e orld , it being a hastisement that od ha h lay l upon th m or eir Idolatries, Deut. ,69. Ezeeh. 0, 3 - ehem - 1 , - P - 10 7, 2 7- and by other their inn s their families n @er th me pwrack.
Now ii this dispei-sion onr Fore-fath rs n g i om th panish Inquisition , ome of them came in olland , others ot nto ta- ly, and o hers betool e them elves into Asia ; and o easil they cre- di

dit oi e another ; and by that m nes they d -aw h go iatio vh ere-ev i- they are , here with all of them marchandi ing and having per - kno ledge of all the kinds o Moneys , Diamants, - Cochinil , Indigo , ines , yle , and other ommodities , that erve fi om place to plaee ; especially holding correspondence with their sri nds an d kinds, olk , whose language they understand; they - do abundantly enrich the Lands and Countrys of straiigers , where they live, not onely with what is requisite and nece ary for the lif ofman ; but also what may serve for ornament to his civill cond - tion - fwhieh Tra- c , there ariseth ordinarily ive important be - ne fit ,.
- Th e augmentation ofthe Publiq Tolls and Cu omes,at their coining and going out ofthe place- 2 - The transporting and bringing in of marchandises from - - moi e ountrie s- 3 - The a ording o Materials in great plenty for allMechaniq -, s Wooll, Leather, - ines; wels, as Diamants, earles, and sueh ike Merehandize- 4- The venting and exportation of so many kinds o Mani- fa ure s- - Th Commerce and reciproeall Negotiation at Sea , whieh the ground of Peaee betwee n neighbonr Nations , and o great profit to the r o wn Fellow-citti en - I I I- This reason is the more sti- ngthened , when we se , tha not onely the Iewi Nat on dwe ling in Holland and Italy, tra q with their own stock , l ut also with the riches ofmany oth rs o their own Nation, riends,kinds-men and acquaintance, v hieh not- withstanding live in Spaine , and send unto them their moneys and goods,which they hold in their hands,and eontent themselves with @. very mall poi-tion oftheir estate , to the end they may be secur and free from danger that might happen unto them , m ea @e they should all under the yoke o the In ui ition ; whence not on ly th ir goods, but oft ntiines al their hves are endang red.
I V- The love that me n ordinaril beare to their own Coui tr A 2 and


and th desire they have o end theirlive , wh -e t hey had th ir b - gining,is the cause, hat nno strangers having gotten riches here they at-e in a foi-ain land , a -e commonly takei1 in a desire to r t urne to heir native soi l, and there peaceably to enjoy heir estat ; so tha as th y vere a help to the place whei e they lived , and negot ated while hey -ematned th er ; so when they d part from th nce, they cai ry all away, and sp oile rh nn @o their wealth : tran por ng all into the - own native Country: But with the Iews the case is sarre diffe- -ent; for whe - e the I ew a -e once kindly reeeaved , they make a firm resolution never to depart f -om thenee , seeing the y hav no prop r pla e o th ir own: and so they are alwayes with their good n the Ciri wh er they live , a p erpetuall benefit to all payments- Whieh reasons do learly proove, that it being the proper ty o Cit- izens in populous and rich eountri s , to eeke their rest and eas wi h buyii- glands and faire possession of which they live ; niany of them hating commerce , aspire to Ti les and Dignities : there or of al strangers, in whose hands ordinarily Trafique is found , here are none so profitable and beneficiall to the place whe -e they trade andliv , as is rhe Nation . of the I ws- And seeing amongst the peo- ple o Europ , the chie festriches they posse e,som from SPain,those ne ghbour Nations,where the Iews shall findelibe ty o live accor- ding to thei - own Iudaieall Laws , they allmost easily draw tha benefit to themselves by means ofthe industry o our Nation , and their mutuallcorrespondanee- From henee (if it pleas your Highnes) it resnlts , that he Iewish Nation,though scattered through the whole World, are not th re- fo -e a despisable people , but as a Plant worthy to be planted in the whole world , and received into Populous Cities : who ought to plant them in those plaees , w h - h are most se u -e from danger ; being tree of most savory f - t an d profit , to b alwayes most fa- voured with I aws and Priviledges , or Prerogatives , secur d and defende d by Armes- An Exampl ofthis we have in our times.
His Ma esty , the Illustrious King o Denmark , invited them wi h spe- allPri viledges in o G luckstadt : the Duke ofS voy nto Ni a of P -o-

P -ovenee ; and the Duk ofMo dina n Retio , al-lowing then - sueh conditions an d benefiees , as like never were present d unto them by any other P i iuce, as appeareth by the copy ofthose P -iviledges, wh h I have in my hands- But supposing it wotild be a matter of too large extention , if I should make a relation ofall the pla es un- der whose Prmces the Iews live , I will onely peake briefly of th two Tribes Iudah and Ben amin - These in India in Cochin hav 4 Synagogue , on part of these Iews being there of a white co- lour, an d three o a t awny ; these being most favoured by the King- In the year 1 640 - dyed Samuel Castoel , Go vernour of h ity, and Ag nt for the King , and David Castoel hi on suec eded in his plaee - ln Persia there i a great numb r ofIews, and they liv indifferent fr ly : there are also amongst them that are n fa-vou and great resp ct by the King , and w ho liv th re very brav ly- Some years past , there was Elhazar Huza , the Viceroy , and now there s David Ian; ify t he be living.
In tl1e year 1 6 3 6 - rh Salran Amarat took in Bagdad , and puring all to th sword,he command- ed that they should no t toueh the I ws, northeir houses,and b side that , he freed t hem fi-om one half o the t ibu t th y we wont to pay to the Pe ian- B t the chiefest Place where the Iews life , is the Turkish Emp re, where som o them live in great e ate , even n the C ourt ofth Grand Turke a Constant nople , by r ason h ere is no Viceroy , o Governou - , or Ba a, wh eh hath not a Iew to manage his affaire , and to take car foi hi estate : Hence it cometh that in shor t m hey grow up to b Lords ofgrea - r v nn s,and th y most fr quent- ly bend the minds of Gi-eat ones to most w ighty affaires n go- v ernment- The g -eatest Vicei-oy ofwhole Europe i the Bassa ofEgyp ; thi Bassa always tak s to him , by order o the Kingdome , a Iew wi h the title o Zaraf-Bassa (Thresurer) viz. of all the Revenues of th t government , who receaves purses full ofmoney, seal th m , and hen sends them to he King- This man in a sh0rt time gro ws v ry r ch , fo - that by his hands as b ing next to th Ba a , th 24 Go- ve -n-

verm ent of that Empire are sould and given , and all o th r bu fine es managed.
At present he that posse eth this plaee , is cal led S - Abraham Alhula- The numb r of the Iew living in thi Kingdome oft e Great T urke , is very great , and amounts to n1 a ny Million - In Constantinople alone there are 4 nagogues and in alaminque 3 6 , and more then foureseore thou @and so ul n these two Citie alone - The fii- King gave them great privil dges which they en o untill this ay : for besides the liberty , they hav evei y,where , o trading with open shop , of b aring any ce and Posse ing o any goods , both mooveable and immooveable , he yet g aunte the m power to udge all C vill causes according to thei - owi Law amongst themselv s- Moreover they are xempted from going t Wai-res, and that souldiers should be quartered in th ir hou es, an hat ustice ould take no plac upon the death ofany one that le o he r to his Estate- In all which they are preferre d before the naturall Tt rks them. selve s- For which cause they pay in some ittys to the King thre Patacons, and in others two and a halfby the pole- In this e state some o the Iews have grown to great fort nes ; a oseph Nasino , unto whom Amatus Lusitanu dedicated his ft and ixth C i1turi , was by ultan Solime made Duke ofMaceia Earle ofAndro, Seignor of Millo , and the seaven I ands : nd a cob Ben,Iaes by Sultan - murat , was made Governour of the T be iades : so likewi e others wei-e exalted to very gre t and Eminen Dignities : as was that elomo Rose , that was ent for - mba ado at nice ,where he con rmed thelast Peace with Amurat- In er many,the -e lives also a great mulritude of ews,e specially at Pragn en a and Fran kfurt , very much avot red by the most mild an o gracious Emperours , but de pised ofthe people , being a Na ion not very finely garnished by reason ofi heir vile cloathing : ye notwithstanding there is not wanting amon them per on o gre at quality- The Emperour Matthias made Noble both Mardo ha Mair l, and Ferd nando acob Bar Seba- Bu

u yet a greate - number o Iews are found in the ingdome of oland, Pru -ia and Lethua-nia , under which onarcl y they have he urisdiction to udge ani on gst them elves all causes , both Cri- minal and Civil; and al o great and famous Acadeinies oftheir o -vn- The chiefCities wher the Nation liveth , are Lublin and Cracow, where there i a Iew , called I aae I cells , who built a Synagogue, whieh stood him in on hun dred thou nd Francs,and is worth ma- ny tons ofgold - There is in this plaee sueh infinite number oflew ; that althou the C o aque in the late warres have killed ofthenn above one hundred and foui-eseor thousand ; yet it is ustained tha they ai-e yet at this day as inn umer able as tho e vere that eam ou ofEgypt- In that Kingdome the whole gotia ion s iii the han ofthe Iews , the rest ofthe Christians are either all Noble-mei , o Rustiques and kept as ave - In Italy they are generally prote ed by all tl1e Pr nees: the r prin- ipallresidence is in the most famous ity ofVemce ; so tl at in tl a ame C ity alone they osse e about 1 4 I ouses ; and are use d here with mu h eoui tesy and clemency.

Many also live in Pado and Verona ; others in Man ua , and also many m Rome it self.
I- i- nally they ar scattered here and thei-e in th ehiefp aces osltaly,and do liv there with many peeiall priv ledge - In th overnment of th great I- uke of Tu cany , hey are by that rince most gracioti y bountif ully dealt with , havm powe r rom him graunted , to have their udicat ory by themselves , an d to udge in all matters , both iv l nd C i-iminall ; besides n an y other Priviledges, wh re of I n y se fhave th e Co ie iri hai d- Th rich and illustrious families that ouri ed ii tli se Cot n tri -s ar many,vi -TheThoraees,who being three I i-etl ii en , ai-ed bet vixt them above 7o0 thou @and Crowns.
InFei-i-ara were th l s, ho ock was above 200 thou nd rowi @, - The Lord o ph d Fan o, arquis de Villepeudi , was a man nn uch re - e all li Prin- es in Italy , and wa called l y th m , The a .
,niiak - and p aser ofall tro ubles b cau e , by his an thoi i ty and en en as used to a pease all tro ubles ai- d rife i ising ong th i - oi

on aniel Rod igu , beeause o h pr n y i- o l goo qualities , wa sent in tl e year 1 9 r n l .
e mo ll ut Sena o - eni into almatia , ro appea th , m u t and scai dal given by rhe squoquibs in Cli a : whiel i l mo nnanly e ed and cau d allthe women nd hild -en , tl at ere kep loo e pr i oners , to be et a libert , b ough.
a o t an happy i ue n an o her things ofg -eat moment, or i h he a en - Alphoii o l he Duke ofFerrara , ent also or hi - mba ador to th mperial ajes y- , one braham de ondi , to pay and diseharg Inve i u -e ofthe Stat s o - odena and Reggio- The Prince of Sasol an he Marqu s of Scandia likewise , had to th ir Fa ors m n o ou ation- n the Kingdome of Barbar , rhe ir lives also a great number o ews , who-ever cruelly and basely used by tl at Barbarou N tioi- xcept at Marrocco , the Court and Kings house , where hey hav heir Naguid or Prince that gove -ns them , and is their Iudge and is called at this day , Seignor oseh Palache : and before hi was in the same Court , that Noble family Ruthes, t hat had pow and Itiri diction of all kinde of puni ment , one y life and deat xcepted- nthe Low-Count -ies also,the Ie vs are t-eceived with eat Ch -ity and Benev oleney , and e pecially in tl- is most i enowned Cii ofAmsterdam , wh re there are no e -e then 4 0 Fam lies ; an ow great a trading and Negotiation they draw to that ity , e p rience doth su ciently witness- They have there no lesse th three hundred houses oftheir wn, e n oy a good parrof the W and East-Indian Compagnies; nd beside ha e yet o set orth the Trafiq such a ock - that -or setting a side , onel - one dui o eve pound Flemi for allkind o eommod ties that enter , and again much for allwhat goes out ofthis town , and what besides we p y early ofthe rents we get rom the ast-Indian o pa nie to l i-eliefe and sustenance of the poore ofour Sy a ogue , tha v on y amounts ordinarily e ery ye ar , unto the sumn e r nea o oo Fi anks@, w l - l y o may a ely ce v wha a i

ty o k it s the trade with , and what a prof t t ey ne ds mu bring int o thi City - In Hambourg like wise, a mo famous City of Hol ace in Gei-, nnany, therelives al o a hundred amilies , prot cted by the -agi- i-at, thou h molested by the p oPl - There resides Sir Duarte ti- nes d' costa , Re id nt for his aje y the I ii g of Poi-tugal : a- briel ome , Ageiit for his a e y the I i g o Danema -ck: David de Lima,a Iewelle r, for the same is Ma e y; ai1d EmanuelBoccaro Ro @ales, cre ated by the Emperour a Noble-man and a Coun Pala- tin- In ll these places the ews live ( in a manner) all of them Mer- hai1t , and hat witho t any prejudice at all to the Natives: For the Natives , and tho e specially that are mo ri h , t ey build them- selves house s and I alaces , buy Lands and rme goods , aime at Titles and ignitie s , and so seek their re and contentment that way : But as for the Iews, they aspire at noth ng , but topreferr- themselves in their way o Marchandize ; and o employing their apitals , they send forth tl e b ne fit oftheir labou among man and sundry ofthe Natives, whieh they , by the tra ck oftheir Ne- gotiation, do nricli- F om when ee t's ea y to judge ofthe profit that Prin es and Common-wealths do eap , by giving libet-ty o Religion to the Ie s , and gathering them by some s eciallpriv - ledges into their untries: as Tre e that bring forth such excellent ruits.
So that ifone Prince, ill advised , dr veth them out o his Land, et ai ermvites tl em to h s; ews thc-m favour: Wherein we ay ee the prophe cy of Iacob fulfilled ir the etter: The- a e (to support him - allnot depart rom Iacob , untill e- 'i s - all com . nd this ll su ce conce rning t he Prosi ofthe Iewish Nation.
B Io


S .
- Fi delity o V al and u , i a thing that Princ n ost e e m o - o tl r ,on, b h ii Peace and Warr , dep nds the pi-eserva ion o theii- state - And as oi this poi t,it1 my op nion,they owe m u h to heNat i n ofth w , y rea @on ofthe sai thfuh e e and loy a .ty they ow t all P o- entate tl .at receive ai d prot - then in he r Countrie . For set, tnng aside the Historie of the Ptolomies, ii gs ofEgypt , who di not trust the Guard o .their persons, nor the keeping of the ir Forrs, nor the most important aff i -s oftl- eir Kingdome to any other Na- tion with greater ati faction then to the Iews; the onnds ofAn- ipater sh ewed to Iulius C ar in token ofhis loyalty, and th1 e brasen Tables ofour Ance ours among the Romans , are evid ent wit- n e gh oftheir delity shewed unto them.
I n paine the Iew o Bt irgos; as the Chronieles do decl re,mo enerou y shewed the very m fideli y in the times ofDon n- i iqt e; vho having ki led hi i rothet , the ing , Don P ed -o de C ruel, n ad him el Lord o all hi @, ingdo n .es , and bro ught un- h l d en e all the rai idee , and peo le of paine: oi-ily the , o d nyed to obey h m ,and orti ed themselves with- ii1 th i , @aying , hat God ould never ha e it , that they ould den obedience to the r aturall Lor o Pe ro, or to his right ulls c- ces- @o rs - const ncy that the pr t dent I ing , I on Henriques , very n uch e eemed o , ayii g, that uch Vassals as those were, b y Kings n d great men, worthy ofmuch aecount , eeing they held great -e p ect to th idelity the ought to their I -in g , although con uered nd dead, than to the re e tfortune o the on uerour: And a while after,r -ce iving very honourable condit ons,theygave themselves over.
In Spain also (as you may see in Mariana many Iewes for t-h same delit were appoint d Goveruours of th ingdome , a d Tu-



ors ofNobl -nnens childr n, oin y to others of- th Nobility up. n the death oftheir l arents- The hroi i les ofth arifes, dedicated o King Philip he - cond,King of paine, alleague for an exan-nple ofgreat fidelity and vertue, how the rising ofthe arifes a gain the Morine , their kil- ing and spoyling them ofthe ingdon ie, was such a greatgri un- to Samuel - lvalensi,one oftho e bani ed out ofSpaine, ai1d mueh avoured by th King ofFe , descended from the hou e ofthe Mo- -ine ; t hat j oyn ng hiin elfwith oi h r agistrates,and sub ects ofthe orin es,arm ng some ships and going him elf Capta n over all , he ame suddenly with 4oo- men, and sell by night upon the Ai-my o the arifes, hat were m re then 3 ooo- men, besieging Copta , and without lo in one man , killed ofthem ab ve o o- and eaused hem to rai e the sie ge.
Many the li e Exainple , may be brought o time past ; but for ourpresen ; and modern times tliere is no Exannple so e ident, as in the be ieging o Mantua for the En1 iperour in the year 1 6 3 o, w e -e the Iew sought mo aliantly, and rescued it from the atives.
As likewis m the eignory of ra il, where the sam e thing was done : or one ofthe ame Nat on,a Dutchman,having delivered tl1e ap unto the Port i als, there was found in our Nation there not only loyalty, but also uch di cretion, that had they taken th ir ad i e ,the busine shad n t so proceeded.
This u ay be seen more clearly yet in their being bani shed out of Castile,in the ayes ofFei-dinand Isabella- Their num b r at th t tii1 e was suppo ed to have b en halfa Milion of men , an on st whom were many o great valo r, eourage ( a @, I on a bar- banel, a Counsellor o State, doth relat - yet am ong @o gi-eat a number,there va no found any on man, tha iu d . -to ok to rai - a party to free them lves from that niost mi i-able ani men - n evident gn o i he roper and i at irall re @oluti n o thi ation , and tl eir const n t obedience to theii- Prince - Tl1e @ame a e- ion is con rn1 ed by the in viola le c ome o ' a l the I w wher soever they li ye : fo - on evei y abba h or st -

I 2 vall ,

1 2

vall Day , they every where are used to pray for the safety of all Kings, Princes and Common-wealths , under whose urisdiction they l v , of whar profession-soever : unto which duty they are boun by th e Prophets and the Talmudists ; from the Law , as by Iereinie cha p . 2 9 -vers.7. Seek thepeace o- the City unto which Ihave madeyo to wander - and prayfor her unto the Lord, sor in her Peace youshalle - oypeace- He speaks ofBabylon, where the I ews at that time w ere captives- From the Talmud ord-4- tract- 4- Abodazara p req. 1 - Prayfor thepeace ofthe Kingd me , sor unlesse there were - eare os -the K n dome, men wouldswallow one the other alive, c- From the continuall and ev r broken Cu ome of the Iews whereso ver the are ,on he abbath-Da -, or other soleinu Feasts@, at which time all the Iews rom all pla es eome together to the Sy- nagogue, a ter the benedi ion ofthe Holy Law , besore the Mini- ste - of the Synagogue ble etht he p ople of the Iews ; with a lo ud voice he blesse h the Prince o the Country i ndei- whom theylive , that allth ews may hear it, and say , men- The wor s he useth are th se, as in the printed book oft e lews may be seen : e that givethsalvation unto K ings, and dominion unto Lords, he that de ve- red hisservant David-from the sword of the Enemy,hethat made a way in t e Sea,andapathin thestrangewaters,blesse and keep,preserve and re i e , e alt and magnify , andlist up higher and higher , our Lord- [And then he i1ames, the Pope, the Emperour, King, Duke , or any other Prinee under whom the Iews live , and add's : ] The K ng of kings defend him in h mercy , making him oyfull,&free himfrom all dangers anddistresse- TheK ing ofkin gs ,for h s goodne ssake, raise u an e t h splanetar- - ar @, & mult ly his dayes over his ingdome. , e , g o k n gs or h- s mercies ake, put into h s heart , andinto th - heart o- h oun ellers,& those that ttendan dadmin er to him,that he may- ew mercy unto i , u to all th pe o l of I s ael- In his dayes andin our dayes, let Iudah besa e , andl- r ld ellsecurely, and let the Redeemer come to Israel, andso may it l a od- Amen- These aretl very fo -malities set down word for word , vhich the lewes , by th oi ma d o od, re eived rom the Tali ud, do use in theirpra- y r . yers for Princes, under whose g.overnment they reside.
And the - fore wise Princes are wont to banish from their Courts false re- ports- And most wise R. Simon Ben-Iochai, in his excelleiit book cal- led Zoar in Sarasa Pecudi, relates,that it is a Tradit on rece ve - -om Heaven, that the Kin gs osthe Nations oftheworld , Prince s , Gover- nours, thatprotect the Iews in this world, ordo them anygood, that the sameshallen oy eertain degrees ofglory , or eternall reward; as on the other- , they that do to the Nation ofthe Iews any harm , thatthey shallbepu ishedwithsomeparticular eternalpunishment-As appeareth also out o Esa- the last chapt r.
Thi is you see the Fid -lity of the Iews to wards their ovei - nour clea -ly proved- Now, that no man may think that th eir ba- ni hment out of paign Portugal , pi-oeeeded from auy n pit on or faults ofi heirs , shall cleai-ly reheat-se the i-eason of en a det rmination, and hat the houghts ofi1- any Chr ian i ince @, have bee there-upon.
-I he business was thu : r i nand ai d I - be lla, overnours fCa ile, having gained tli ingdom ofG a- nada, o which they took po -e ion on the th ofIanuary, th y re, solved to thru ont all th ews that lived in tl eir Kingdomes , and so on the Iast o March , they made an Edict in the same City , in vhi they expre ed : That eeini g the ews in heir Cou tries dr w man Chri- ians to turn ews , a d e pec all- so ne - obi e, - e o i ei - ingdome o ndal , thai or this ca e they ban e hei - e - mo heavy enalties, &c - o that the cause of their bani hment wa no an di oyalty at all- Now what amongs mai y others in all Cl1ristendom, one fam ou Lawyer in Rome, ai d sorius an exeellenr and most eloqn nt Hi- storian have thought, a l h -e relate- n the year 1 9 2 aith tl1e Lawy r Ferdinand , called the Catholick , being King o Spa n , drove out ofhis Country all th ewsthat we e living there from the time ofthe Bab ylonian and Roman Captivity , and were v ry rieh in house s and goods : and that upon pain , ift hey went nota- way within the term o six moneths , that all th ir hou es an good ould be con iscated unto the Excheqt r , wh ch as 3 1 4 we have said, were very great- Whereupon they leaving the King- donne of-Castile, they went over inany ofthem into Poi-tugal,as b e- ing the nearest place- In the year i 49 7,there being an Alliance con- tracted between the Kings of Ca ile and Portugal ; the Jews at the request ofthe said King Ferdinand, were banished out ofPortugal ; but it being against the will ofEmanuel, King ofPorttigal, to have them banishe d out of his Conntry, he i-esolved to oblidge them to become Christians, promising neve r to mole them , neither in Criminall matters , nor iu the losse of their goods ; and exempted them from nnainy burdens , and Tributs of the Kingdon - This E, i -ianuelbeing dead, John I I, ieceeded in his place in the King- dome ofPortugal, who being excited by others,said- Th at what his Father Emanuel had done, coneerning the not-tro nbling them,was ofno valew, l ecause theylived not as vas convenienr,& that ith, out tl e au thor ty ofthe Pope ofRome,his father could notgraunt anv sueh thing : for whieh cause he would that for those thatliv ed ainisse, they should be proceeded against, as against the Mores ii Ca ile : And sending to Rome to disanull the said promises, it was o t onely not graunted to him, but moreo er the y reprooved his ap earai ce th re, and praised and approo ved the pronnises n ad by his Fath r Emanuel ro the ewe ,p tbli ing a generallpardon to all th t vere taken , which were about 1 0o, and they a ere set ree- Whi h l ull was gi-aunted by Clen ent I I- by rhe interve n, tion of all the Consistory of Cardinals - Afterw a -ds the said kii g ohn ent once again to de ire the former Licence with -o manyre- Pliea ions and triplieations, thar at length the Pope g -anted it : I ut a few daies af t r it was revoked again with a generall Pai-don to all tha were t al en, which v ere 1 2o00, with snch a dete t mination, that the -ame Licenee should never be graunted,as b ing against all right and reason- This troubled Don ohn the ing v ry much , nd withall tl1e Cardinal his brother, w ho cam 1n the se last daye t o b ing o Portugal h msel - C reat Paul l l I- o the hou e of Farn i a, ce eding to Clement the V I l- there was a reque r i-i- lred o the P ope or owe - to bring in th In uisition into this ii - ingdome. he Pope would not grauntit, ay ng : He could not , ai d that it was a thing against rea oi1 and Iustice, b t on th con- rary coi firmed the promises made by th e King Don Einanuel, his athe - @, and pa -don d all th delinquents since the ttme of vio- -n nto tha day. on Iohn seei ng this, @en an F mba - u me rly r that l u in - to t e P pe, b it coul obtain n othu g a ll : or h cl1 eause ing ohn re @olved to n t reat th Emp i-o u Charles t he V- then Pa n g fo - Ronn e , a s Conq ierou over th - urks, h a ii g wonn Tunis and Goleta , thar in thi , his T -t n l he woul ta e oc a on to d e ii-e tl is favour fi-om the , l t- the in o l oi-tugalm ht - up h nqui it on in om , it being an o id c om hat- tho @e that trin nph , h0 uld ask omething o .th Pope that they mo desir -l - ie I nnperour tl1au having d ired this, the P ope ans et-e h , tha he could not do it by re -on o the agreement mad ., a nd t 1e pro n s o the King I on Emanue l; whieh he had nd by ai1 postoli all unttoin P ortugal n the yea - 14 7 , at whieh time the I ew ve o - d and compelled to become Christian - The Emp i-ou r p y d , -et that sinne all on him, and the Prin e his sonne, the postol l seatshall be ree from it- o the Pope grannted it ; because th nn , pei-@our Ch rles the V- vas bt-other in law to ing Don Iohn o Po rtugal; and beside they treated at thar time to en i- urthe n as @. finity, ai1d to marry their ehildren, which since wa - d - s i Paul the I I graunted this, the -e was a new Pa don g veii n g n . rall o all tha wei-e taken unto that time, amoun ting the Nunnb r unto 1 . ut the ing r fufing to obey the Pa -don , a d to ree tl ie Prisonners , he Pope ooke it very ill, an t or hi onely busine e ot- his Nuntio, one Monsegnor onte l ali i- ano , who ince was Cardinal of the Church of - nd the King for all thi no r obeying, the Pop mad t h untio x the Pardon upoi1 the doores of th athedrall Chu - , and the Nni tio caused the Pi-isons to be opened, a nd there w r et ree about 1 o0 prisoners - He that @ollicite d thi @, busi n at @om as one Seig - or D uar e de Pa ,a ayallier ofthe o 6 ofSt- Iohn:whom i o search out there w r ppoii ted at Rome en men disguised ; the s hav ng fo nd him , gavehim fifteen wounds, andleft him or dead : thu vounde d, he was carried o the house of eignor Philip Estroz : Th s being reported to the Pope , Paul the I I I he eansed hiin to be carrie d to t e Castle of - Ange- lo, where he gave ord r to l ave him no ly cured- Thats. ame Sei- gnor was by the Pope, by all the ardin al and the whole Court in greatrespe - At the same time that thi man was hurt-, the Empe- rour Charle s the - was at Rome wit h his Army- n the time when he began to treat ofth s bu inesse ith Clement the I I- ee, 1ng the Kings importunity, he made a ull and gav l ce ce to all he Portugals ofthat Nation o the Iews; that they might go and live in the Church-Dominion ,& who oe verwill come in the aid Dominions, that he allhave free dom tolive , as at the fii-st, in his Iewi prof ion, and that at no time they ould be enquired into, but after the same manner as they were ont to l ve n P ortuga , so they ould live there- The said B ll pa d allthe onsistory; and being confirmed and r ee ived by tl e aid Portugals, they began some of them to depart tolive n ncon , being a se a-port more commod ous then others : whi h being known by the ing and Cardinal o Portugal, they caused to be p -oclaimed in allthe King, dome, that upon paine of death, and lo of all their goo s, no man ould dare de part the Kingdome- Clemei t being dead, 1n his laee -ucceeded ( as we have said ) Pope Paul the I I I- who confir- med the ame Priviledges : fter ards in the year 1 o- Pau the I I. died, and ulit s the I I - succee ded, ho rati ed the fo e-men- ion d Priviledges given by his Predece ours , and the whole Apo- stol keSeat inviolabl - n those times therewer man o ors th t vrote on this m atter, amongst hon the chies e ere Alciat, and the Cardinal Parisius in & parte Co - liorum pro hri- ia i no- vite convers s; shewing by reason and la , that considering the were forced and not converted willin ly , that they had not fa len nor do fall under any Censure.
Th se reasons b ing ons ider d o y th Princes of aly, hey aunt dlikew se th same P iviled es:

i .

vi - Cosn o h e Grea t, Duke ofFlorene , and l rcule , .ke of Ferr re, and within few years Emantiel Felibert , D ke o - av ye; and ere by all his s cce -ou rs confirm d.
In the year 1 : , v en th ey were bai ished fro Ca ile, w e read in the Chroni l s t l -at ing oi e, tl at the Lords ofthat plaee d d comPlain ha -e - ties a d To n were desti-oyed and dis-inhabitated ; and ad h believ ed any uch t hi ng , that they would have oppos d the K i , s decree , and would never have given their consentto ii - Thar was the cause , i hat on Emanuel of Po tugal , seeing on th one side apparent dammag , 1ould he let them depart l @, g- dome ; and on the oth rside , not being able to break hi Pi o- mise made to the King of Castile , he caused th m to be co - pelled to the aith , upon paine o Death , tha the ould i o depart out o his I ominiions- The atholiq ing was blamed @o al hristian rinc es , and especially by the Senate os . e- mi ce, ( Mai-eus Ant onius Sabellieus doth write ) for havii g bai i shed a Natioi o profitable to the Publicq and Particular good, w thout any k nd of pretence- And @o the Parliament ofParis like , wis did extr amly wonder at snch a determination - And truely good re son tl e re was to wonder; for we see since, what th enat of enice hath done, who neve - de l berai s or puts into e ecution any thing, wi houtgreat judgement : having the advantage o a Republicqs in heir ov rnment and leaving behind thei he Roman , arthagenians, Athemans, and most learned La- c demonians, and tha Parliament of ris, whieh in t e o - vernment of a aires was alwayes n ost prudent- Mo of ho i hatwer bani ed pa ed to the Levant , who were embr ced b the ttoman-family, allthe ucceeding Kings wondring atit , that the an ards, ho make profe ion to be a polit q N ation , hould drive ou of their kingdomes sueh a people- Moreover Sultan a a z t, and ltan Solim n , received them xceeding well, tl min fthe Ie w s to them beingv ery ac eptable : and @o did l vise all th ir ti c ssours, considerin ofhow gi-eat a profit an e- t their - ding in their omin ons w s. nd in the year 1 l


a t - - bei g ho n Pop e ofRome, who befor e was cal d a dinal de Ch i, an intimate to the Cardi al of Portugal, cau- @ed the Iewe s to be held iu Aneona, other places ofthe Church, according to the Prtvil dges raunted to tl em by the Pope s, hi Predecessours in the nanne o the Apo olical Roman seat- Licur- gus, Solon and Draco, and all Fonnders of Commonwealths, ve ounsell that rangers ought to be lov ed and much made of, as i the iscoui-ses o Se- in 7 de Legibus de ep- is amply to be s en-And by tbe Divii e Law as oses commanded us ) we ougl t not t tro bl a st -angei-, b ut he say s, Reme n eryou were- rangers n th L nd o gy t- In umme, o the sann purpo e migh be brot ght mai y othe nd n ore power ullrea ons, b t beeause they are out ofour consi- deration, we pa e them over. - nd here to eclare some particu- lai-s, worthy to b known for advi -e and example, that befell ou Nation tn tho e bitt e banishments ; part whereof ieronymus o- orius recites more at large, in the fir fhis elegant two ooks d Rebus Emanuelis - Th r title he giv eth to tho mi erable suc- ce es, is this ,which he puts o aI ostilin the margent ofhis book u o i r per vim ad Chri i iani mumpertra i -. and than r h a , h w th t in he year 1 49 6 t e King decreed, that allth ew e and More , that dwel n hi Kingdome, and would not be, ou e Christians, iould - part his ominions in a short time ; whi h being past, all that shou d b found in his Kingdome, oul loo r li erty, and be n e ave , to the King- The tii ne b@ein no a l an d ( as sorius pi-oeeed ii hicl rhe Iewes,that woul n ot t -i t l -i an , v ere to depa th Kingdom e,an d a ll ofthei as many as they ver , ha with all thei - pow er provided,and takei a rme re olution t be gone : which the King seeing, and not ab o endure it, thought upon a bu ine e as he saith - a o uidem - oi am i - a , which to do a re ally wicked and un u , an l at- was o command that all the child -en of the s a lites, t a ere not above 1 4 year old , ould be taken ou t o the power - owi- Pa rents -, wl en they had h m, the sho l d o c t e

o b e ome Christians ; a new thing tha eould no be ne witho ut a w nd rfull alteration o their m nds : f r i va as o rius peaks a horrid an miserable sp ctacl , to see the tender In ants v - st ed ou o th a ms and bre oftheit- lamen ing mother , i o r gge a- long theii- poore f @athers that held th em fast, and o gtv thenn many vounds and blo , to d a them out of heir hand ; t o hea - t ir cr-yes th a a c nd to h a ven, the r gt-oane , men ation , and onnpla nts evei y- h r , o tl at this cruelty a he eat se, t ,a i- any o those dii re ed atlie thi e theii- c ld - in to ell @, , and oth rs ki l d th ni isel e w t h th e r own hand , nat th y m gh no se e o bi ter a thi g with th ir eye , The eruelty o Eman l en, n her , but going on wi h onn - ul ion and it-ev lin - , gav cause to hi o ne Chronographe - t o make the s cond tt l r po- il, with these woi-ds ; is Dol us I d- s illata : Tl ar is, Tl e o - ce and deceit used to vards the Iewes- And o he goe ; on, d clat-ing how h had promise in the cond t o th y had inad , th he v ould a igne them three Port in hi ingdome to embarque a t, viz. Lisboi , Seruval, and Pu rto: and neverthe e e he fo bad them a erward , to embarque themselves in any place b it Li b0n : for which cause all the Iewes ofthe Kingdome came to thatCiry, rom wh nee be d s a t ousand molestat on - and ex or - ons, h dro v then1 as asq o aith - as eep in the alls, and tli re o -ee heir a i ed bodie to counterfeit, t at which their oule and thoughts n er meantnor approoved o - Woi ks , o whi -l h own Chronologer saith , - -uit hoc u d ne ue e Le e, e e e - religionefa i m- Tha is,- his was done it lier ac i-ding to , nor Religion- L t m en o clear mind , and i ee from pa t n - sider or G ods sake, if uch violences ean work an go d in p - - sion or eh ara er in men: r hat La v, ei rher main or , Nationalor Modern, ean beai- , th at the ul o i n i i @, l o High h ath r at d - e b or d to beli - l ieve no , a d to lo wh at th y ha -hi - l y w v and cen sur of many Pi in e o the world and l a -n d m u - hi own Chi-onologer repr h d @, i with a n w po t i , a a-t



reely ; Regis in ud os - ac norum repr hen i-o- That is, A ensure ofthe Kings iekedne e against the Ie w s- . r ely with ju reason doth oriu , call the work , whieh the ing did nto us , Ini ui- ies andin i ic , dece - u l v olene-es , and wicked attempts : and so g on, r p oving hem-w th mo elegan Reasons- u -th er what app n d to th w , under other Princes in .other ngdonn a Coun r , is no o ious and enough known to all the wor d , -nd ther o e o c a -y he e to re ate- So farr concerning t h i I anni -nent- ow , will not con cea e t o say , but tl1at alwayes t ere hav n fot nd some al mn tator , that en eavouring to mak the Nation infamou , lai upon them three m - als re- orts , as if they - ere dan gero s to the oods, the Lives, and withall to the ver Sou s the - atives - They urge against them their usu- ries, the ayin o- infa ts to celebrate heir Passe-ove , and the inducing Chr ians to become Iews - o all which I all answer briefly- - As or u ury, such dealing is not rhe e entiall propert y ofthe Iews, for though in ermany there be ome indeed that practise u -ui-y ; yet the most pa t ofthem that-l ve in Turky, Ii-aly , olland and amb urg, being eome ou of paigne, th y hold i infamon o use i ; a d so with a very sma l profi of4-or -per Cent, as Chri- - - h @, , elve do , they put their money ordinarily n Banco : -or o lay out heir money without anyProfit was comm anded on- y to ard th ir brethrei ofthe ai -ie ation o the ews; but not to ny other atio n - And however by thi Chai-i y is not hnrt : for t -nd @, i n good rea on, rhat ever on o uld gain ai d get some an ag wit h hi money, to a ne hi @, own li e : and whe n any ne to i Ply his own wants , do h take some cour e of archan- - i , y w hich he hopes to gaine b otl r mens moneys taken u on ,-u , 'ti no inhuinani y to re koi and take s -om him u e : For a , no man is bound to give his goods to an oth r@, so i he n l t nd to let it out, but for his own occasions an d pro t, nd no to leave hinnself destitute of h e p -o t h oul ak



ofthe moi yes. nely this u b done with moderation, hat the usi iry be not bit ng and exorbitant,which the Christians then elves use, amongst thems lve s ; as even in the Mounts ofPiety at Padua, V ieen a and Veron-a is to be een , where they take 6 par C nt, an el where yet mt ch more.
This in no m nuei- ean be ealled Robb - ry, but is vith con sen and will ofthe ontra er ; and the a a- cred eriptu -e , whieli allows usury with him that is not ofthe same R .ligion , s orbids absolutely th robb ug o a l m n, whatsoever Religion they be of. In our Law i s a greater sinne to rob or de- fraud a stranger, tl1an ifI d d it o one of my own profe ion : b - eaus a ew i bound to ew hi ch rity to all inen : f-or he hath a preeept, not o a ho re an I dui1 ean, nor an Egyptian ; and tl at l1e all love and prote a stranger that comes to live in hi land- I not- ithstanding ther be some that do contrary to this, they do i n ot as Iewes simply, but as w cked ewes, as amongst all i a ioi- t r ai-e fonnd genera ly some surers - - ki l g os'the oi g children s Chri ans i an ns llibl t rti h wha s e orted ofthe Negros o Gu ne a nd razil, tha i they e an miserable man that hath eseaped on the danger ofthe s a, or hath allen oi- su ere any k n l o ill-fortun , o - h pwr ke, they persecu e and v x h m so mnch the more,saying, odcur ethee. - nd wee that live not among the Blacke-moors and vild-inen , but a -iong the white and civil zed people of the woi-ld, ye wee fiiid this a -dinary cou -se, thai men are v ry P -one to hat . a d de pise hii that hath il fortune ; and on th other sid , o nnake much ofthose whom fortune doth avour- H reo tl e Chi i ians them lves h v good experience ; for di i -ing th imes o thei i up- pre 1on and persecution ndei- theRoman -mPire,they ere al @e- ly and -ed ofdivers Emp i-ours and yrannica l P in es. ro accused them that they had se Ronne on fir ; th ers , t l at they were itches and Con ut-er , ; and other againe at they e w their child en to celebrate t eir Ceremon es , a @, ee nd in divers Authors- Even so likewis t is with the vi ation , that no is di persed and afflicted , though the hav



n on ys : There is no ander nor calumn y that s not ca upon i m , even th very sam ane ent scaudall that was ca of old upoi the innocent hristian , i now laid upo the Jews- - hereas th vhole world may easely pereeive, it is but a meer nder , seeing it is known that at this day, out o erusalem, no acrifice nor blood i in any n e by them, ven tha blo od which is fo nnd in an Egg s o bidden them, how inuch i- nore n-ians blood oreover I coul roduee divers memorable e - annPl which out in our ow time n Arag a to a Jew : how h va aceused ofthis saine vi kednes , ud not on e ing , ho v - hey impri son ed him bet i t to waIl , ud being in ha dist e, ho he cited before God all h Jud e to an - - tlie e f oi- wha they did ; an h o w withi a -yea - e - , an o the Iudge died,and those that live d ,feai ing the like inigh - e allthem, and loose theirlive s, set him free: But I must no be too -olix; it may su ce to say, that by the Pope himselfit wa defined inf ull Counsell the accusation to be false; and so likewise udged all the Princes o raly; as al -o Alphonso the Wi e, King ofSpain, and that i t was onely a meer invention to drink the blood , and to swallow up the go ods of the harmle e Ie ws- 3 - s for the third Point, say, that although erdinand I sa- ll, giving colour to o indi reet a de ermination, said , t ha they i- u d the Nobles ro become Ie , yett ruely thi cannot be sa d, tit by some false informations- For if o be , amongst those di - ultie ; and imp o ibilities, it may happen, that some ofthe Sect of he Papists, ofa better mind, embrace the Ie wish Religion; it can- n ot there ore b presumed , tha they were indue ed thereunto by he Ie ; seeing the Ie vs do no entice any man to pro esse their Law: But ifany man ofhis own fre e-will ome to them , they by t e r rit Ceremo ies ai-e oblige d to make pro o ofthem, whe- tlier they co i , e for any temporall int erest, nd to persuade them to look ell to th mselves wha - rhey do that the Law unto which ey are to s ibi ni th mselves, is o many precepts ; and do h ob- l ge the i-an g -e -or t many ore punishnnents- And so we follow he example of Nahom i , c ed in the Saered ei-ipture , who di no


ot p ersuade Ru h to go along with he-i-; but said fii-st to her : r thy- - r returnedto her N at on and her Gods ; go thoi and ollow h@e I ut Ruth eontinuing eonstant, then at length she received he -- Besides this, the Iew indeed have rea on to take eare for the own preserva ion; and therefore will not go about by sueh way o make themselves odious to Princes and Common-wealths , u der wh o e Dominions they live- No @,because beleive,rhat ith a good consci nce ave di harged our ation ofthe Iews o those thre ande -s or calun n e , as el wh ere I have more atlarge written abour it; l co iv I may from hose two qnaliti s, ofProfitablen e and Fid lity cor lude that such a N tion ought to be well ent rrained,and a o oved nd pro e ed generally ofall- - he more , onsi - , th ar call d in th Sa red eriptures, the Sons o od; an - ' i a by all th Prophets, that they who all wron , i ., all mo everely p- ni ed ; and thar he that toueh th tl m , to ucheth th apple od eye- nd at least, it a al aye the opinion o u gust ne, as he m ade it appear in h orks Libr- de o rina C - ri tana cap - 2 - where l e aith , - od omnes ho ines ue diligen - unt- Tha all men are equally t o e beloved- Now, having prov d the wo form r Point s eould adde a tl r iz. ofthe Nob lity o the Iew : but b cause that Point i n o -g known amongst all Christians , a lat ly yct it h a h be n n i o orthily and excellently ewed and des i ibed in a ertain ook called, The Glor ofIehudah a rael, dedieat d to our ation b that worthy Christian Mini e - - enry I y, 1 6 3 - in c h here this matter is et ont at la ge : And by Mr- w- ichola Genleman, in his Book, called , n pologte @or the onorable - a tion o th Iews, andallihe Sons o I -ael i 6 4 - in English -he re ore I will here forbeare, and rest on their saying of our ing a o mon, th wisest on earth , L t another mans mouth prai e thee, an not ihine own- Which is th e elose of - abb ene e - en-Isr e a Divine , and I o or in Physiel , in the Str nd over against h e- -Exchange in . ondon.